Mohenjodaro (one of the major sites, near river Indus in Sindh) was discovered by R. D. Banerjee in 1922. Major Sites of Indus Valley Civilization. Most of these are small, but amongst them are some of the largest cities of their time, especially Harappa and Mohenjo-daro. were found in Harappa. They were good builders. Facts about Indus Valley Civilization Mohenjo-daro is the largest site and Allahdino is the smallest site of the Indus Valley Civilization. The Harappans had a fortified citadel and residential annexe in Period IA and the same pattern of settlement had been maintained through the successive sub-periods IB and IC.". Archaeological Survey of India.Page 19. Excavations at Shikarpur, Gujarat 2008-2009. These cities contained well-organized wastewater drainage systems, trash collection systems, and possibly even public granaries and baths. the seal was of steatite material, square or rectangular in shape. This Indus valley extended from a North-western part of India to modern-day North-east Afghanistan and Pakistan. E -mail: info@gujarattourism.com, Holiday Village Resorts, Gandhidham, Kutch, Registration of Tourist Guide Training Program. major unexcavated site (greater than 300 hectares), Bead making factory, dockyard, button seal, fire altars, painted jar, earliest cultivation of rice (1800 BC), northernmost Harappan site in Himalayan foothills, Earliest agricultural community (7000-5000 BC). of Indus Valley Civilisation is already published in this website. In total, more than 1,052 cities and settlements have been found, mainly in the general region of the Indus River and its tributaries. It is the first site to be discovered in the whole of Indus valley civilization sites. The Indus Valley Civilization site was hit by almost 10 feet of water as the Sutlej Yamuna link canal overflowed. These cities include Harappa, Ganeriwala, and Mohenjo-daro in modern-day Pakistan and Dholavira, Kalibangan, Rakhigarhi, Rupar, and Lothalin modern-day India. City of Indus Valley Civilization. History section provides you all type of mcq questions on Indus Valley Civilisation with explanations. circa 2300 B.C. ", "Hidden agenda testing models of the social and political organisation of the Indus Valley tradition", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_Indus_Valley_Civilisation_sites&oldid=1001403383, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2021, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Human skeleton, ornaments, 5 meter long and 3 meter clay oven, a pitcher filled with 8000 pearls, Late Harappan seal, inscribed jar, the mould of coppersmith, a copper fishhook, Graffiti of a dancing girl on pottery, which resembles a dancing girl statue found at Mohenjo-Daro. The Indus Valley Civilization was a cultural and political entity which flourished in the northern region of the Indian subcontinent between c. 7000 - c. 600 BCE. Only 40 sites are located on the river Indus and its tributaries and around 1,100 (80%) sites … The ruins of Mohenjo-daro were designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1980. Granaries, coffin burial, lot of artifacts, important Indus Valley Civilization town, the first town which is excavated and studied in detail, fortified citadel, lower town, public gathering area, Copper smelting furnaces with copper slag and pot shards. Centre of the civilization was in Sind and Punjab and from there, it spread in all directions. On the valleys of river Indus. It is also possible to rent a vehicle. Cities of Indus Valley Civilization. 4th Floor, Sector-11, Recent excavations were reported in Punjab which are quite large-. The Harappans came to Surkotadaaround 2300 B.C. This area was named as Indus valley as it was situated on the banks of river Indus, whose source is the perennial waters of Himalayan Mountains. There are a large number of plates, mostly black and white. The Indus Valley is contemporary with the civilizations of Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt. driving time is 7 hours . This civilization is known with these three names-Indus Civilization; Indus Valley Civilization; Harappa Civilization; More than 1000 sites were found of this Civilization. Aprox 30 kms from Rapar. Ancient port. Features of Indus Valley Civilization . By Air and 1500 B.C. Rakhigarhi is largest known Harappan site. Bangles of clay, Westernmost known site of IVC, Fortification bastion few houses foundations, At 100 hectares, this has the potential to be another city, This page was last edited on 19 January 2021, at 14:53. Some of them are given below: 1. The civilization was first identified in 1921 at Harappa in the Punjab region and then in 1922 at Mohenjo-daro (Mohenjodaro), near the Indus River in the Sindh (Sind) region. Page-8 section-1 Excavation at Desalpur (Gunthli), District Kutch", https://www.researchgate.net/publication/263580655_Was_the_Rann_of_Kachchh_navigable_during_the_Harappan_times_Mid-Holocene_An_archaeological_perspective, "Excavations at Kanjetar and Kaj on the Saurashtra Coast, Gujarat", https://www.researchgate.net/publication/315796119_Fish_Otoliths_from_Navinal_Kachchh_Gujarat_Identification_of_Taxa_and_Its_Implications, "Nageswara: a Mature Harappan Shell Working Site on the Gulf of Kutch, Gujarat", "What have been the most interesting findings about the Harappan Civilization during the last two decades? The ruins of the site shows skillful design. More than 90% of the inscribed objects and seals discovered were found at ancient urban centres along the Indus river in Pakistan, mainly Harappa and Mohenjo-daro. Mohenjo-daro is the largest site and Allahdino is the smallest site of Indus civilization. [6][7] More than 50 IVC burial sites have been found, main sites among those are Rakhigarhi (first site with genetic testing), Sanauli, Farmana, Kalibangan, Lothal, Dholavira, Mehrgarh, Harappa, and Mohenjo-daro.[8]. "The mound has an average height of five-to-eight metres (east-to-west) "At the time of its discovery.The mound at Surkotada appeared to be a potential site with not only its available rubble fortifications exposed at places on the surface itself but also having an adjacent lower area yielding Harappan and other pottery and antiquities. In this post, let's see the features of Indus Valley Civilisation arts as part of the Indian Culture notes based on the NCERT text ‘An Introduction to Indian Art’ – Part 1. A bus leaves from Bhuj at 14:00 and arrives at Dholavira at 20:30. This unique civilization existed between 2500 B.C. Seals from the Indus Civilization. Flood-supported farming led to large agricultural surpluses, which in turn supported the development of cities. Astha Dibyopama, Yong Jun Kim, Chang Seok Oh, Dong Hoon Shin , Vasant Shinde, 2015, Archaeological Survey of India Publication:Indian Archaeology 1963-64 A Review. Many unique and distinctive features are associated with the site. Buttons made during that period had holes pierced in them and were made in various geometrical shapes, an… Indus Valley Civilisation MCQ is important for exams like IBPS, SCC, UPSC, NET etc. 14. Rangpur in Ahmedabad, near river Meedar 5. The nearest airport is Bhuj. (2012), the slow southward migration of the monsoons across Asia initially allowed the Indus Valley villages to develop by taming the floods of the Indus and its tributaries. 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