2-sided commemorative poster, 11th Armored Division, US Army, owned by a unit veteran. Among the inmates liberated from the camp was Lieutenant Jack Taylor, an officer of the Office of Strategic Services. Another of the camp's survivors was Simon Wiesenthal, an engineer who spent the rest of his life hunting Nazi war criminals. Formed in 1942, the 11th Armored Division landed on the Normandy beaches in France in mid-December 1944. By the time of its liberation, most of the SS-men of Mauthausen had already fled; however, some 30 who were left were killed by the prisoners; a similar number were killed in Gusen II. Eva Nathan was born in the notorious Nazi camp in Austria on April 29, 1945 — one week before it was liberated by troops from the US Army’s 11th Armored Division. Further units, including the 11th Armored Division of the Third Army, arrived in the succeeding days. Object Commemorative poster of the 11th Armored Division featuring colored depictions of the Unit's badges, shields, crests, and symbols. View the list of all donors. Includes scenes of surrendering enemies and the liberation of Mauthausen. In the unit's "sanitary report" of May 25, 1945, the division's Medical Inspector stated that "the situation in the camp on the arrival of the US Forces was one of indescribable filth and human degradation." Liberation of German town: flames, civilians, some waving white flags, church. Mauthausen was … The next day, the 11th Armored Division entered the Mauthausen concentration camp. Combat Command B with its command post in Gallneukirchen was charged with securing the northern flank of the attack on Linz. On 5 May 1945 the camp at Mauthausen was approached by soldiers of the 41st Recon Squad of the US 11th Armored Division, 3rd US Army. On 5 May 1945 the camp at Mauthausen was approached by a squad of US Army Soldiers of the 41st Reconnaissance Squadron of the US 11th Armored Division, 3rd US Army. The following day, the guards of Mauthausen were replaced with unarmed Volkssturm soldiers and an improvised unit formed of elderly police officers and fire fighters evacuated from Vienna. Mauthausen was liberated by the U.S. Army 11th Armored Division on 5-6 May 1945. Mauthausen, Austria's largest concentration camp, was known by Nazis as the 'Bone Mill' ... A platoon of 23 men from the 11th Armored Division of the US Third Army, led by Staff Sgt. Although the plan was abandoned, the prisoners feared that the SS might want to massacre the prisoners by other means. Casualty figures for the 11th Armored Division, European theater of operations: "Thunderbolt" is a nickname adopted by the 11th Armored Division during its rapid march in December 1944 to reinforce US troops defending against the German military offensive in the Ardennes Forest. The following day, the SS guards deserted the camp, leaving the prisoners to their fate. The division landed in Normandy on 16 December 1944, assigned to contain the enemy in the Lorient Pocket, but the onset of the Battle of the Bulge resulted in a forced march to the Meuse and the defense of a 30-mile sector from Givet to Sedan, 23 December. A similar plan was also devised by the Spanish inmates. Mauthausen-Gusen was part of a network of nearly 100 camps inside Austria, and thousands around Europe, at which six million Jews and millions of other innocent civilians were murdered simply for their religion, ethnic background, political beliefs, or […] His troop disarmed the policemen and left the camp. Download this stock image: Tanks of U.S. 11th Armoured Division entering the Mauthausen concentration camp; banner in Spanish reads Antifascist Spaniards greet the forces of liberation. The remaining prisoners were rushed to build a line of granite anti-tank obstacles to the east of Mauthausen. The camps of Mauthausen-Gusen were the last to be liberated during the World War II. Men from the 80th Infantry Division moved into Ebensee on May 6. The 11th US Armored Division’s advances through Germany, Czechoslovakia, and Austria. The reconnaissance squad was led by S/SGT Albert J. Kosiek. The survivors of Ebensee sub-camp shortly after their liberation. Mauthausen survivors cheer the soldiers of the Eleventh Armored Division of the U.S. Third Army one day after their actual liberation. (Grafik: Ralf Lechner) 100 Raoul Wallenberg Place, SW Shortly after its arrival in Europe, the "Thunderbolt" division was deployed to Belgium to attack advancing German forces during the Battle of the Bulge. Finally, 30 years after camp's liberation, on 3 May 1975, Chancellor Bruno Kreisky officially opened the Mauthausen Museum. View distribution In the words of Mrs. Clarke "Without the 11th Armored Division, none of us would be here." The banner reads: "The Spanish Anti-Fascists Salute the Liberating Forces." Find topics of interest and explore encyclopedia content related to those topics, Find articles, photos, maps, films, and more listed alphabetically, Recommended resources and topics if you have limited time to teach about the Holocaust, Explore the ID Cards to learn more about personal experiences during the Holocaust. Co., 41st Armored Regiment and then in Troop D, 41st Cavalry after the reorganization. Edgar Edelsack was 21 when he arrived at the Mauthausen camp as part of the 11th Armored Division in Gen. Patton's 3rd Army. On May 5, the 11th took the Austrian city of Linz, and a few days later met up with advancing Soviet forces. In March 1945, the 11th moved into the Rhineland and advanced eastward into the heart of Germany. In the fin… At the same time, the underground factories were being dismantled and sent to the USSR as a war booty. On 1 May the inmates were rushed on a death march towards Sankt Georgen, but were ordered to return to the camp after several hours. We would like to thank The Crown and Goodman Family and the Abe and Ida Cooper Foundation for supporting the ongoing The next day, the 11th Armored Division entered the Mauthausen concentration camp. Most of the inmates of German and Austrian nationality "volunteered" for the SS-Freiwillige Häftlingsdivision, an SS unit composed mostly of former concentration camp inmates and headed by Oskar Dirlewanger. On 5 May 1945 the camp at Mauthausen was approached by soldiers of the 41st Recon Squad of the US 11th Armored Division, 3rd US Army. Advance of Combat Command A and B, 11th Armored Division, between 1st and 6th May 1945. Some 8,000 survivors in the camp, the report continued, were in need of immediate medical care and more than half of the camp's inmates "were little more than skeletons." During the invasion of German-held Austria, the "Thunderbolt" division overran two of the largest Nazi concentration camps in the country: Mauthausen and Gusen. The 11th Armored Division was recognized as a liberating unit by the US Army's Center of Military History and the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 1985. Main telephone: 202.488.0400 Days in Combat ..96 6. The reconnaissance squad was led by Staff Sergeant Albert J. Kosiek. By 6 May all the remaining sub-camps of the Mauthausen-Gusen camp complex, with the exception of the two camps in the Loibl Pass, were also liberated by American forces. Missing 40 9. It arrived in England 11 October 1944 and prepared for combat with two months' training on the Salisbury Plain. Arrived ETO 5 October 1944 3. The History of Us® is a registered trademark. It served with honor to defend the nation, and to preserve the cherished freedom that the United States of America and its citizens have long enjoyed. Battle Casualties 3,216 11. The report stated that 19,000 prisoners were crammed into bunks meant to accommodate around 5,000 persons and that the two- and three-level bunks held 10 to 20 prisoners each. The photograph above was taken on May 6,… The 11th US Armored Division advances through Germany, Czechoslovakia, and Austria. 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