The now-restored post-Mormon Fort Caspar is at the location of the old Mormon ferry. Only did 11 miles r/t, but the views and scenery were awesome. These were the vanguard, but thousands more were to follow that year, across the Mormon Mesopotamia between the Mississippi and Missouri rivers. Here the Mormons went down Coyote Creek Canyon to what is now the Utah border. Route of the Mormon Pioneers from Nauvoo to Great Salt Lake wall map: In Salt Lake City, Utah, in 1899, my grandfather John Franklin Nielsen (Grandpa Frank), bought a pictorial wall map entitled Route of the Mormon Pioneers from Nauvoo to Great Salt Lake.On the "About Me" page of this website you can see me holding that original print. In fact, to raise money many men worked as laborers in camps along the way. From here they entered broken uplands and the terrain became more dramatic. If you want a slightly shorter hike, drive on and look for trailhead markers along the highway. In addition, it is included in the Mormon Pioneer Trail series list. Mostly cyclists, saw only one other hiker. After a short rest, they picked up the barely visible trace of the Reed-Donner party into the valley of the Great Salt Lake. Then (and sometimes even today) refreshing ice could be found a foot or so beneath the boggy ground. Gravesites along the trail are stark reminders of the difficulties. Mormon Pioneer Trail Historical Markers As many as 80,000 people migrated to Utah via the Mormon Pioneer Trail from 1847 until the Transcontinental Railroad was completed. The Mormon Trail is the 1,300-mile (2,100 km) long route from Illinois to Utah that members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints traveled for 3 months. The word pioneer conjures unique images and definitions for everyone who hears it. Mormon Pioneer Trail, 1847Nebraska, Pt. Out of Glenrock one can drive up Mormon Canyon where some Mormon families lived in the mid-1850s, and walk or drive up Deer Creek Canyon about a quarter of a mile to see the rocky bluffs which Brigham Young and Heber C. Kimball scrambled up when they saw a mother grizzly bear ambling toward them. my sister and I did the full trail from little Dell to Mormon Flat and back. Great trail. We followed the actual Mormon Pioneer trail as closely as is possible today, gaining a much greater appreciation of what the Pioneers experienced. On that day approximately three thousand men, women, and children in about five hundred wagons formally abandoned Nauvoo, Illinois, the City of Joseph, as a result of misunderstandings and mob activities. Mormon Pioneer Trail ist ein 18.2 Meilen langer, moderat besuchter Hin- und Rückweg in der Nähe von Salt Lake City, Utah. Mormon pioneer companies experienced less than half the mortality rate on the trail compared to the Oregon Trail or California Trail. The death of an animal was a serious loss. In the mid-1840s the south side of the river was the favored route, but earlier travelers had followed the north bank. Mormon Pioneer Trail. Travelers also may get an excellent view of these places from a roadside turn-off just beyond the divide, south of Highway 28. It costs to park at the reservoir trailhead at the day-use area, but Alltrail doesn't mention that or where the day-use area for the reservoir is located or how to get to it. Fortunately the Indians were friendly. The road is close and you can always hear cars, but still fun. It is possible to visit Devil’s Gate and Martin’s Cove, but permission and directions from ranch owners are required and four-wheel drive vehicles are recommended. Today, it is part of the U.S. National Trails System, known as the Mormon Pioneer … There are still horrible infestations of mosquitoes along the Platte. It was on the south side of the Platte, but the Mormons found it a good check on the accuracy of their maps. We started at the trail head up top by cell towers and hiked down to Mormon Flats. Most people ride it bottom to top and back down again. We hiked to Little Dell Reservoir which was the most gorgeous teal blue today. In Farson the traveler must make a decision—to drive to Granger via Rock Springs or, preferably, along the good dirt Farson Cutoff Road via Fontenelle. The Mormon Pioneer Trail. My maps of the Mormon Trail were 36 years in the making and commemorate the amazing story of one of the great chapters of American history. Personally, I wouldn't rate this trail as moderate because it's not that difficult. They named the camp “Garden Grove” and a community of the same name still exists on this campsite. The Mormon Trail or Mormon Pioneer Trail is the 1,300 mile (2,092 km) route that members of The Church traveled from 1846 to 1868. I think we missed peak time. 6 were here. I enjoyed the hike. A week later they established another permanent camp at a place they called Mount Pisgah, located on another branch of the Grand River on Pottawattamie Indian lands. Most of the Quorum of the Twelve climbed it, wrote their names on a buffalo skull, and left it on the southwest corner of the bluff. One may, however, reach South Pass and another famous stopping place, Pacific Springs, via dirt roads off Highway 28. Greetings! Today the Mormon Trail is a part of the U.S. National Trails System, called the Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail. Although they were probably not aware of it, at today’s Cozad they passed the 100th meridian; to its west, rainfall would be so slight that most crops would need irrigation. The rest slowed but made it plain by their actions that I was going to get hit if I didn't get out of the way. This trail runs from the Little Dell Reservoir area up to Big Mountain Pass, following the old route used by the Donner Party and the Mormon Pioneers. Trails of Hope: Overland Diaries and Letters, 1846–1869 is a collection of the original writings of 49 voyagers on the Mormon, California, Oregon, and Montana trails who wrote while traveling on the trail. Wide enough at the start for 2+ across and then single file. The downhill is fast and thrilling. Today, the Mormon Trail is a part of the United States National Trails System, known as the Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail. During the years on the Mormon Trail, the cooks managed to feed their people on little more than the bare necessities. ), Between Guernsey and Douglas, the trail is difficult to follow. This trail is quite smooth, but gets a bit steeper as it climbs the switchbacks to the pass. At present-day Casper, Wyoming, Mormons and Oregonians alike crossed the Platte to the north bank at the place known as Last Crossing. Part of this trail can be approximated by taking the Leroy exit off Interstate 80 to abandoned Piedmont, then following a dirt road to “Bear Town” on the Bear River. Here the first permanent camp was built for the benefit of those following. For us on foot, it made it much dustier since it is not hard packed like before. It is a page-turner, a wonderful read, historical and educational. You can ride up and then back, or use a shuttle to ride one-way. Today the campsite is marked by a cemetery—a monument to the hundreds who died there between 1846 and 1852—and a nine-acre park and picnic area with information signs. Marker is located approximately 500 feet south of southbound Interstate 15 (I-15) at the Elsie Arey May Nature Center. The first known example of blessing a sick animal took place at Indian Creek in Van Buren County, an act occasionally done in pioneer days. then pick it up on the north. It was raining today at lower elevations and snowing higher up, but just a thin layer sticking, and nothing on the trail. One mile west of this marker, on the north side of the road, a small roadside park contains a monument honoring the Mormons who died in Garden Grove. Awesome! Baylis Park, on South Main Street in downtown Council Bluffs, contains a boulder with two markers honoring the Mormon pioneers. From Granger it is possible and exiting to take the much deteriorated old Highway 30 following the pioneers through a lunar landscape of the badlands to Church Butte, so named because some Mormons supposedly held church services here. We walked the trail. If one of those animals hits you you're in trouble. At the time of the planning of the exodus in 1846, the territory was owned by the Republic of Mexico, which soon after … The approximately 1,300-mile-long trail from Nauvoo, Illinois, to Salt Lake City, Utah, was certified by the National Trails Act of 1986 as a National Historic Trail-officially The Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail. Travelers today should watch for the more than one hundred road signs marking the trail across Iowa, erected in 1972 by the Iowa Highway Commission in cooperation with the Mormon Pioneer Trail Foundation. This section is recommended as an easy hike. Near present-day Kearney, Nebraska, the Saints began to parallel the Oregon Trail, which, starting at Independence, Missouri, reached the Platte at this point. The voyages and trails of pioneers gathering from around the world over time are charted on this animated map of early Mormon migration. The trail offers a number of activity options and is best used from May until September. Looking for an easy fording place, the pioneers crossed the Loup River near Fullerton and cut back to the Platte near today’s Grand Island. Anyways, once I finally figured it out and biked back to the beginning, it was much better! (Ask locally for directions.). It was a lovely hike! This is an amazing fall hike. The Utah portion of this map, as well as maps of other trails, will be published in subsequent issues. (Ask locally for directions. Terrible weather and lack of preparation caused people and animals much suffering. West of Douglas is Ayers Natural Bridge, unusual because the stream which created it is still running through it. Orson Pratt designed and Appleton Harmon constructed the first odometer used by the Saints, first used near Paxton, Nebraska. Safe Snowshoe on snowy days when avalanche danger is high elsewhere. Deaths along the trail. “Chief Grumbler” (Ask locally for permission and directions; otherwise you must get to Echo Canyon via Evanston.) The Saints remained here until May 12. Drive in through the Ranch with cows and horses on the dirt road was a highlight for the kids. We started the trail where it crosses over the road from the west side to the east side (there is a small bathroom and sign saying “Mormon Pioneer Trail”). I went up past the road and bathroom, continued on the other side up until a little ways past the campground. On February 14, 1846, the first Mormons left Nauvoo, Illinois and headed west on what has become known as the Mormon Trail. In this post, Faye Fischer describes the assets the database has to offer. The Mormon Trail is the 1,300-mile route that members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints traveled from 1846 to 1868. The beginning of the great trek west really commenced 1 March 1846 on the frozen banks of Sugar Creek in Lee County, Iowa, seven miles west of the Mississippi River. Just before leaving present-day Nebraska, near Henry on some small bluffs, the leaders put on their temple robes and held a prayer circle (William Clayton’s Journal, Salt Lake City, 1921, pp. It was about 4 1/2 miles, nice gentle downhill hike. It's easy-intermediate technical, but pretty strenuous aerobic. Most of them had bells or announced themselves but not all, so be vigilant! Pioneer Neighbors. A little farther up the trail, today’s traveler can see Rebecca Winter’s grave; a member of one of the later companies, she died in 1852, and her grave is one of the few known of thousands of Mormon graves along the trail. I went all the way to Mormon Flats and tried to imagine what it was like to have been camped there in 1847. Not too challenging of a hike. Stanley B. Kimball, professor of history at Southern Illinois University, serves as a high councilor in the St. Louis Missouri Stake. We left a car at the bottom. One mile south of Lewis is Cold Springs State Park, where a sawed-off telephone pole in the camping area marks the trail. Mormon Pioneer Trail is a 18.2 mile moderately trafficked out and back trail located near Salt Lake City, Utah that features beautiful wild flowers and is rated as moderate. Read More Planning a Trail Visit Mormon Trail, in U.S. history, the route taken by Mormons from Nauvoo, Illinois, to the Great Salt Lake in what would become the state of Utah.After Mormon leader Joseph Smith was murdered by a mob in 1844, church members realized that their settlement at Nauvoo was becoming increasingly untenable.Smith’s successor, Brigham Young, proposed a 1,300-mile (2,100-km) … And a pioneer band often found opportunities to play for money. As far as to Bloomfield, at least, the pioneers used established territorial roads. 5. As for Alltrail's directions to the trailhead, you're on your own. From Indian Town, the pioneers followed an Indian trail directly to Council Bluffs, the location of a Pottawattamie Indian agency. Lots of mountain bikers so hikers beware. The weather was great, a little cool early but that's better than too hot. Once you get to end of the first portion of trail, you’ll cross road and continue. 2. Excellent condition for crampons, very warm in full sun the whole way. When I came to the first fork in the road starting from Dell Reservoir, the All Trails map tells you to go right on the larger road while there is a small trail marker indicating the left trail. Two other markers in the Lewis town park commemorate the trail. The east side of Mormon Pioneer (MoPi) or the "Original Trail" is best ridden descending from the top … We often imagine the pioneers entirely alone along the Mormon trail, but there were many frontier settlements along the way. The narrow packed dirt trail was damp for rains of the past few days and very easy walking with only a few sections of steep grade. In early June they reached Fort Laramie in Wyoming, crossed the Platte southward, and picked up the Oregon Trail. Like you, I want to learn all about Mormon pioneer history. A few miles farther they camped by the Ancient Ruins Bluff, an impressive landmark on their side of the river in Nebraska. Just inside Dawson County, Nebraska, the pioneers were threatened by prairie fire, but they sought refuge on Platte River islands. finding the trailhead took a little searching. A brass marker in a large stone in the center of town honors these early settlers. good dirt trail with a few rocky sections. I assume the trail we’ve hiked in the past is merely near where the pioneers and Pony Express came through; I guess the same can be said for the newer, meandering trail. Enjoyed this trail. How is it possible that being a descendant of Mormon pioneers I have never been on this trail? Flat for the mile we did. This rear guard entered present-day Utah July 15. Why are there no markers for Fort Wells? (Ask locally for directions.) As a result, the pioneers split into three divisions—a vanguard, the main company, and a rear guard with Brigham Young. Explore the Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail across five states to see the 1,300-mile route traveled by Mormons who fled Nauvoo, Illinois, to the Great Salt Lake Valley in 1846-1847. It's not a flat walk, but it's also not a hard hike at all. In general the trail would follow the gentle, broad Platte River Valley for six hundred miles to Fort Laramie, Wyoming, where the pioneers picked up the Oregon Trail. Updated June 25, 2019. This part was very muddy. The guard at the entry gate of Little Dell parking area had no idea where this trail was. It’s a steady climb up from the reservoir, but the ride down is super fun! Still pretty wet today but still a great hike. I didn’t see any hikers, just bikers. Loved the beauty and history in every step. East of Lyman the old trail passes the site of an early post-Mormon town named Reno. On July 27, Amasa M. Lyman, Sam Brannan, Rodney Badger, and Roswell Stevens arrived into the valley on horseback and probably made their own trail to the camp on City Creek. On July 26, nine men were chosen to accompany Brigham Young and explore such places as the warm springs (present-day location of Wasatch Plunge) and Ensign Peak. We did this on 9/30 in the afternoon and had the trail to ourselves. Er führt durch schönen Wald, vorbei an herrlichen Aus Bouts of shade throughout, but also pretty sunny. Somewhere along the Dry Sandy, a renowned meeting with Jim Bridger took place and the pioneers accepted his legendary challenge to grow crops in the Great Basin. There is a bathroom and trailhead for the Mormon Pioneer/Pony Express Trail. On May 20 they passed one of the most famous stopping places on the Oregon Trail, Ash Hollow. I ended up walking the road until it intersects with the trail, and then took the trail back, so I made it a loop. After examining several campsites on both sides of the broad Missouri, Brigham Young decided to set up Winter Quarters across the river at a place now known as Florence, Nebraska. Round trip the hike is about 3.8 miles. Beautiful trail...lots of wildflowers but apparently there are some who don't care it's a watershed area. Only went 1 Mile on the trail (2 miles total). Either route detours from the trail, for the older bridge across the Green River no longer exists. 202–03), something they did on occasion. One mile east of The Needles, a prominent rock formation at the mouth of Coyote Creek Canyon, Brigham Young was stricken with mountain fever. Started this hike near the Affleck Park Campground and went up to the Big Mountain summit and back for a quick morning excursion, about 5.5 miles roundtrip, 3 hours total. 1, Mormon Pioneer Trail, 1847Nebraska, Pt. I’m sure it will be less dead and more green in a few months. Another way to reach this point is via a dirt road going north at the Church Butte exit off Interstate 80. Crossed paths with a couple with TWO dogs. The official Facebook page of the Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail… Great for the whole family. It was quiet and saw some fall color. The appointed departure was on the Platte River near present-day Fremont. Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail National Park Service 324 South State Street, Suite 200 Salt Lake City, Utah 84111 801-741-1012. Mountain bikers going up and down so, yes, beware. We did about 2.5 miles and then turned around and headed back. They apparently turned north at the canyon mouth, then he… Fun that this was a Pony Express route, trail of the Donner Party, and the first Mormon Pioneers. Just below the parking lot to the left, follow a short path. The uphill is steep and strenuous but only moderately technical. On July 7, the pioneers reached Fort Bridger, where the Oregon Trail turned north. One of the most scenic and original sections of the old trail which can be followed by a standard automobile today are Poison Spider and Oregon Trail roads leading toward Independence Rock. In the vicinity, they also met their first Great Plains Indians, a band of Sioux. To their left on the south side of the Platte ran the imposing Scotts Bluffs. 34° 18.165′ N, 117° 27.957′ W. Marker is near San Bernardino, California, in San Bernardino County. Learn about important points along the Mormon Trail through place descriptions, maps, and journal entries from pioneers who experienced the journey. Nice trail for an easy mountIn bike ride. Rain or shine, twice each day she started her campfire and baked, cooked, roasted and broiled enough food to satisfy whomever was under her care. Emigrant Trail. Leaving Mount Pisgah June 1, the pioneers continued west, passing through present-day Orient, where a marker on the school grounds notes that event. Compiled & edited by Kathy Weiser/Legends of America, updated March 2020. The trail offers a number of activity options and is best used from May until September. The trail is very rocky but well marked and well traveled, there is no way you'll get lost. Didn't need bug spray. (Ask locally for directions.). There are several places where you can get on/off the trail so it's pretty easy to turn this into whatever kind of ride you like. The Mormon Pioneer Overland Travel database is an important source of information for researchers. Thereafter they followed what primitive roads and Indian paths there were. (Ask locally for directions.). Gorgeous colors probably around for another week or possibly two. As for bikers, several passed me in either direction and only one yielded to me. One of the better indexes about this is: Bashore, Melvin L. [Database of] Mormon Trail Deaths 1847–1868. It shares much of its route with the Pony Express Trail, the Oregon Trail, the California Trail, and the Union Pacific portion of the Transcontinental Railroad. Passing and noting Split Rock in Fremont County, the pioneers soon reached another favored spot on the trail, the ice slough. Pretty shaded. Salt Lake City, Utah: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. The Mormon pioneers were members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, also known as Latter-day Saints, who migrated in the mid-1840s across the United States from the Midwest to the Salt Lake Valley in what is today the U.S. state of Utah. From this area the Mormon Battalion commenced their famous march to San Diego. They followed it to Fort Bridger, and then transferred to the faint trace left by the Reed-Donner party the preceding year. Maybe 3.5 miles round trip. The Latter-day Saints, nearly always keeping on the north side, actually were using an older branch of the Oregon Trail. We went on 9/25, and the peak fall colors had passed (in addition to this year’s foliage just not being as bright). Delightful verdant journey and mostly shade since we started before 9 am. This company was trapped by the same winter snows which devastated the Martin Company. On July 29, a large group of the Mormon Battalion entered the valley. Sep 19, 2013 - Explore Maureen Brady's board "Mormon Trail" on Pinterest. Information courtesy of the Douglas-Sarpy Counties [NE] Mormon Trails Assoc. Discovered Affleck, a nice campsite. Lots of beautiful sunflowers along the way. See more ideas about mormon trail, mormon, trail. I met a lost hiker up there, too. The beginning of the great trek west really commenced 1 March 1846 on the frozen banks of Sugar Creek in Lee County, Iowa, seven miles west of the Mississippi River. In the same area is Devil’s Gate, through which flows the Sweetwater River, a gentle and beneficent stream which the pioneers followed, with frequent crossings, for ninety-six miles. It slopes ever so slightly downward toward the reservoir. We parked at the trailhead about 2 miles up the canyon from the Little Dell Reservoir and walked to it. Mormon Pioneer Trail is a 18.2 mile moderately trafficked out and back trail located near Salt Lake City, Utah that features beautiful wild flowers and is rated as moderate. Not awesome with a 6 and 8 year old in tow. If the trail starts to get really narrow and somewhat overgrown, if you’ve crossed a bridge right at the beginning, you’re on the wrong trail. A Fremont County map is recommended. I am Frank Nielsen, the great-great grandson of Mormon pioneers, and professional "Artographer," at your service. The right side will go down to reservoir and the left, upper most trail is the actual Pioneer Trail. Gorgeous trail! Location. Just west of Lewis, the Mormons passed a Pottawattamie Indian encampment on the Nishnabotna River which they dubbed Indian Town, a name which stuck for years. The elevation gain of 3000 feet is well distributed over the length of the trail so it's manageable. There is also a Daughters of the American Revolution marker here commemorating Mount Pisgah as the first white settlement in Union Company, but omitting to mention that the settlers were Mormons. If you're a biker, please obey the rules. Will be back to this trail. The Mormon Trail or the Mormon Pioneer Trail is the 1,300 mile route that members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints traveled from 1846 to 1868. From there Interstate 80 follows the old trail closer than does the older Highway 30. Perseverance and tenacity were the essence of the Mormon pioneer woman. Old pioneer journals mention visiting this natural wonder. For the love of all that is holy, follow the TRAIL markers, NOT the map that All Trails gives you! Beautiful hike with fall colors starting to come out. there are trail markers periodically. I loved this trail! The very curious will want to visit Porter’s Rock, probably named for Porter Rockwell, located near the center of Platte County, north of Cottonwood Creek, but detailed maps and rough-terrain vehicles are necessary. An easier way to this grave is via Atlantic City. Here the pioneers built and maintained a ferry for themselves and the thousands who would follow. It was just at this point where, ten years later, the handcart companies from Iowa City would meet the 1846 trail and follow it to the Missouri River. 6. The first Mormon encampment was along Mosquito Creek near the present Iowa School for the Deaf on Highway 275. Today the Mormon Trail is a part of the United States National Trails System, as the Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail. Eventually you'll see one for the Mormon Pioneer trail. With two-way traffic you'll want to stay alert on the climb for uphill riders. Soon they came to an Indian lookout point, a few miles west of Lisco, which several climbed. Many pioneers and later Mormons climbed Independence Rock and scratched their names on it. The Mormon trail was almost 1,300 miles long and crossed great plains, rugged lands, and the Rocky Mountains. Commemorating this event is an impressive “Come, Come, Ye Saints” exhibit in the Wayne County Historical Society Museum in Corydon. I saw several deer and three of them bounded across the trail about 20 feet in front of me. Near one of their campsites in Adair County, two miles east of Bridgewater, is modern “Morman” [sic] Lake, and a small Mormon Trail Park, commemorating their passing. If you’re looking for a great way to see the fall colors and have a gentle hike, go up about 2 miles past Little Dell Reservoir. If all else fails just drive Highway 65 and look for the parking lot and fee booth above the reservoir. Mormon Trail Map. The Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail is the 1,300-mile stretch the Mormon pioneers first crossed in 1847 from Nauvoo, Illinois, to the Great Salt Lake Valley. Really pretty fall colors right now. After spending the winter of 1847-48 in Northern California at the request of Brigham Young, the former members of the Mormon Battalion began to make preparations for leaving to find their families that they had not seen for almost two years. Contrary to popular belief, however, the famous trail was not a Mormon creation. Today it is possible to follow the pioneer trail to South Pass only on foot or dirt bike. Although most of the road is dirt, it is a good road. you need to go down to the reservoir and Easy and almost flat. Easily 15+ bikes on a 2 mile round trip trail. at Mormon Flat you have to side step a narrow muddy edge of a stream to get out to the parking lot and toilet. The most famous of all Mormon treks began on 5 April 1847 when Heber C. Kimball moved a few wagons about three miles west of Winter Quarters, but it was not until April 19 that the whole group of pioneers, one hundred forty-three men, three women, and two children were organized and under way on their one-thousand-mile exodus. They have redone the trail to make it more fun for mountain biking and to provide more shade. Shade and sun. By Stanley B. Kimball. The pioneers mostly traveled the Mormon trail by foot as they pushed handcarts or drove wagons pulled by a team of oxen to carry their meager possessions. Mount Pisgah is located on a crooked country road north of Highway 34 or west of Highway 169. Mormon Pioneer Trail Intermediate. In the Reno cemetery is a bronze plaque honoring those who used the Old Mormon Trail. You could use spikes if you wanted but I had a lot of fun messing around on the u touched trails at Affleck Park. Learning about Ourselves through Church History, Joseph Smith’s Brothers: Nauvoo and After, The Way It Looks Today: A Camera Tour of Church History Sites in Illinois, “We Believe. …”: Development of the Articles of Faith, Valeen Tippetts Avery and Linda King Newell, Finding Where You Fit—The Four-Generation Program, “The Mormon Pioneer Trail, 1846–47,” Ensign, Sept. 1979, 72–76. Soon afterward the pioneers spotted Courthouse Rock and Chimney Rock; Chimney Rock was the most famous landmark on the entire Oregon Trail. I did the entire 18+ mile round-trip today from the trailhead close to the reservoir to Mormon Flats. This was my first time using the app as my map and guide. It took them into the valley of the Great Salt Lake. This trail runs from the Jeremy Ranch side at Mormon Flats at the bottom, up to the ridge where the Great Western Trail (GWT) crosses at the top. The Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail travels from Illinois to Salt Lake City, Utah.

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