Another problem with blaming Young is the timing of the killings, according to May…. I find this to be very shocking because Jacob Forney was immediately dismissed from his position after his federal investigation of Mountain Meadows Massacre and even put on trial for not blaming ‘Mormons’ more explicitly: A promising career was cut short and Forney’s life was ruined because he refused to blame Brigham Young when the evidence was not there. @media all and (max-width: 760px), Second-hand Statement- This was written at Lee’s “dictation” and delivered to his lawyer who delivered it to the church, conveniently after Lee’s execution. Privacy policy: This site uses Google Analytics to track and analyze visitor usage of this website, which may involve cookies. (I continue to get comments from readers who don’t seem to understand this concept.) The Netherlands Parley P. Pratt and other saints like him were victims of the Anti-Mormon pro-slavery agenda. Soon after, records … The events of the Mountain Meadows Massacre were absolutely appalling. From the beginning, accounts have been confused and muddled about why it happened, who ordered it, and what might have provoked it. And Pratt certainly recognized that it was a setup. Most historians portray the Baker-Fancher wagon party as just another set of families trekking across the plains in search of a better life. Historians speculate that the Missouri Wildcats poisoned the spring by accident. I thought there must have been some fuss with the Indians along the road somewhere. But he gives the wrong date for the killings. This forgery is very important because top historians cited it in their blockbuster exposes on the massacre, and it is very likely that other hot issues skeptics use to attack the church are likewise based on forgeries. I have my reasons for saying this. On Sept. 7, 1857, Paiutes and some Mormons dressed as Paiutes first attacked. The Mountain Meadow Massacre was a tragedy that should not have happened. The Mountain Meadows Massacre happened on September 11, 1857. The "Mountain Meadows Massacre" still troubles the descendants of both the attackers and victims. ", { He was about to die, and he didn’t do that,” he said. From the beginning, accounts have been confused and muddled about why it happened, who ordered it, and what might have provoked it. It was in the midst of this context that this wagon party showed up and allegedly started spreading death threats and were telling people they were part of a massive army that was coming to kill all of them. Wikipedia is skewing again. But all in all, the Mormons did not fight back. Juanita Brooks, a Mormon, gave the incident its first thorough treatment in decades with her book The Mountain Meadows Massacre in 1962. “According to historian MacKinnon, ‘After the [Utah] war, U.S. President James Buchanan implied that face-to-face communications with Brigham Young might have averted the conflict’… hostilities could have been avoided if Young had traveled east to Washington D.C. to resolve governmental problems.” Oh yeah, Brigham Young should have traveled to Washington in the midst of a huge army marching toward Utah, at a time when he didn’t know if their instructions were to arrest or kill him! Before the massacre at Mountain Meadows, the United States Government had sent 1500 troops into Utah, frustrating the Mormons living there and raising tempers and tension. var isTest = false; mk_accent_color = "#ce2253", As with any historical issue with so many unfilled gaps, Anti-Mormons have filled in the gaps, portraying “Mormons” to look as evil as possible. Who wrote it from his dictation? In early August, Brigham Young had urgently warned wagon trains not to travel through Utah. Vague Innuendo- He “believed” that Smith had a talk with Haight. Ieee-754 Floating Point Converter, We then rode back to Fort Gibson, where we were lodged in prison, in separate rooms for that night. Encyclopedia Research. There is certainly a prevailing ideology in America, but it is not the church’s gospel. Does The Book Of Mormon Contradict The Bible? And he had zero reason to believe Smith got the idea from Brigham Young. But this is an incorrect characterization of what the 1999 forensic work concluded (which only studied skulls from 18 of the skeletons of those killed). However, it’s important to remember that these actions were choices made by individuals acting in ways that are very contradictory to the teachings of the Church. It cleared up many misconceptions and stated the facts plainly. But when it comes to The Mountain Meadows Massacre, suddenly historians are all about setting a narrative of who was nice and who was evil. .grecaptcha-badge{ On September 11, 1857, some 50 to 60 local militiamen in southern Utah, aided by American Indian allies, massacred about 120 emigrants who were traveling by wagon to California. I heard afterwards: because of the emigrant party poisoned the spring or some cattle at Corn creek. The Mountain Meadows bloodbath replaced right into a tragic experience, and the Mormon Church has expressed remorseful approximately for the involvement of a few Mormons interior the bloodbath. But is it a historians job to judge whether an event was “pardonable” or not? Indians were attacking wagon trains all the time, right? Multiple missionary leaders were being killed at this time, and Parley P. Pratt was the most prominent missionary leader of all. Do I understand why they did it? ga('send', 'pageview'); They make it sound like a man was rightfully angry because a cult stole away his family. “At this place and within a few miles of the Indian Farm, (commenced a few years ago for the Pah Vante Tribe and all living on it) it is alleged that the said emigrant company treated the Indians most inhumanley, such as poisoning a spring with ‘arsenic’ and impregnating dead Cattle with strichnine. mk_theme_dir = "https://www.karaenergysystems.com/wp-content/themes/jupiter", The Mountain Meadows Massacre is one of the most controversial moments in Utah history. He called these men ‘Wild-cats’ from Missouri and said their camp rang with ‘vulgar song, boisterous roaring, and tall swearing.’ And they spoke of the need to wipe out the Mormons. Jacob Forney, the man who later reported to the U.S. government about the Mountain Meadow Massacre, was the person who had Parley P. Pratt arrested–which helped set off the chain of events that led to the massacre. What the militia did was atrocious and cowardly. The federal government’s furious punishment of Jacob Forney shows just how keen they were to attack the Utah territory. var mk_header_parallax = false, The officials of Arkansas hated the Latter-day Saints and state of Utah because of its opposition to Indian slavery. Also, the federal government was sending troops to invade Utah, and Arkansas certainly was keen to be on the government’s good side. The opposite of what Casey W. Olson is suggesting is true: The narrative about our identity and history is controlled by those who oppose us, not by us. Well, consider that when a judge finally ordered the state to allow it, Parley P. Pratt’s body was no-where to be found. Why did the Mountain Meadows Massacre happen? Though historians portray members of the wagon train as unlucky victims, historical accounts indicate otherwise. This is inexcusable. He said the wagon train was hostile because Mormons refused to trade with them, and that they could not have made it across the Mojave desert with the meager provisions that they had. The Utah militia believed these were the people who murdered the prophet and perpetuated genocide on the saints (or “caused trouble” as Wikipedia puts it.) On the day following, his trial came off before the United States commissioner. One company which was mostly men called themselves the Missouri Wild Cats. A book by Juanita Brooks flat-out blames the Missouri Wildcats for what happened: “But the reckless boasts and acts on the part of those who called themselves ‘Missouri Wildcats’ culminated in disaster for the whole train.” There is no ambiguity. Historians note the “fear” and “distrust” Utah residents felt at this time–they don’t really tell the whole story, however. He sent an immediate order for the militia to avoid violence: But this is not enough to absolve Brigham Young of responsibility in the eyes of historians! There was no where else for Mormons to run away to. mk_grid_width = 1140, Federal Investigator Tried In Court For Not Blaming ‘Mormons’ – But Jacob Forney himself was skeptical that the poisoning really happened. FOLLOWING the massacre, Haight remained silent to his death. There are no other trains going south that I know of. mk_captcha_correct_txt = "Captcha correct. But tucked away far down Wikipedia’s article you will find a darker side: “Utah Mormons would have been particularly affected by an an unsubstantiated rumor that the Baker–Fancher wagon train had been joined by a group of eleven miners and plainsmen who called themselves ‘Missouri Wildcats’, some of whom reportedly taunted, vandalized and ’caused trouble’ for Mormons and Native Americans along the route (by some accounts claiming that they had the gun that ‘shot the guts out of Old Joe Smith.’)” Quite a spin job! all and (max-device-width: 760px) The New York Times summarized this bigoted movie released by Sony Pictures: It’s about what you would expect. “But Kelsey spoke harshly of a rough set of men who joined the Arkansas people in the leap-frog manner of the overland trail. .wpb_animate_when_almost_visible { opacity: 1; } The stop in Cedar Creek was unsuccessful for the Fancher party. That makes “Argus” a poor source for information. Speech, John CRADLEBAUGH, Last Confession & Statement of John D. Lee, a famous Anti-Mormon who murdered and bombed Latter-day Saints, via University of Nebraska, “Horrible Massacre of Emigrants!! mk_vertical_header_back = "Back", He then told me where to meet him if he escaped. In mid-1860, Forney was dismissed from his post as Superintendent. some argue that Brigham youthful, the chief of the Church, ordered the execution. They have arrested me to put me in his power.” He said: “You will probably escape alive, and I have a sacred request to make of you; that is to go and see my family and tell them I am perfectly reconciled to my fate. The materials that we gathered for writing this book about the Mountain Meadows Massacre were voluminous. They see it as their job to tell us the moral worth of those involved, and thus historians make themselves into propagandists rather than historians. Haight instructed his wives and family to “say nothing” about the massacre. And so, Casey W. Olson is taking a principle that sounds reasonable, about allowing diverse voices to get their say, but is applying it to those who already have the dominant narrative. I have no desire to live except to do good and my way appears to be hedged up on every hand.” He also desired me, if I could, to wait in Van Buren and see what became of him, and if he was murdered, to make a report to President Brigham Young of the true circumstances of his death and trial.”. After an investigation and trial, the man found chiefly responsible was executed by Utah officials. mk_theme_js_path = "https://www.karaenergysystems.com/wp-content/themes/jupiter/assets/js", After days of fighting, they reportedly lured the wagon train out with a white flag of truce, separated the children, and then turned and shot everyone. The wagon train had departed from Arkansas, where Mormon leader Parley P. Pratt had very recently been killed by a team of assassins. Mason: The Mountain Meadows Massacre was the tragic culmination of several different historical forces in early Mormonism. But Argus blamed local Latter-day Saints for all the violence. Wandell under the pen name “Argus” in 1871. I haven’t. On September 8th, just four days before Mountain Meadows, U.S. Captain Stewart Van Vliet met with Brigham Young ahead of the main troop movement. “While in the prison at Fort Gibson he gave me his watch and money, to deliver to his family, but seeing that I was in danger of being mobbed, he requested me to hand it back to him for safety, he being confined. Oops! This leads some to question: How many ’embarrassing’ historical documents about the church are still out there that are really forgeries by Anti-Mormon murderer Mark Hofmann? The Mountain Meadows Massacre was a series of attacks on the Baker–Fancher emigrant wagon train, at Mountain Meadows in southern Utah. Once the fighting with the Wildcats started, the militia felt like they could not allow anyone to escape, as the conflict could be used as evidence for the American government to further crack down on Utah. Initially intended to be an Indian massacre, two men with leadership roles in local military, … In any case, the people of Utah had good reason to be very suspicious, especially when a group of travelers show up right after the assassination threatening to kill Brigham Young and other Utah residents. Required fields are marked *, “It becomes historically understandable if not pardonable when viewed as the result of a combination of Mormon hysteria during the early stages of the Utah War, the rumors that this company was a reconnoitering party in advance of the main federal army, and the misbehavior of some members of the Fancher train, mainly a few hangers-on known as Missouri wildcats, who forcibly expropriated supplies and made profane, provocative boasts that they had participated in the Haun’s Mill Massacre and other mob actions against the Saints.”. } If those who are there will leave let them go in peace.”, (Brigham Young to Isaac C. Haight, 10 September 1857, Letterpress Copybook 3:827–28, Brigham Young Office Files, LDS Church Archives. Turley had this to say about the delay in a penalty: Isaac Haight, and John D. Lee, who were some of the main instigators, were both eventually excommuni… That, of course, is pretty weak evidence. He then took his leave of me, mounted his horse immediately, and rode off at full speed. A notable report on the incident was made in 1859 by Carleton, who had been tasked by the U.S. Army to investigate the incident and bury the still exposed corpses at Mountain Meadows. .mk-event-countdown-ul:media( max-width: 750px ) li{width:90%;display:block;margin:0 auto 15px}.mk-process-steps:media( max-width: 960px ) ul:before{display:none!important}.mk-process-steps:media( max-width: 960px ) li{margin-bottom:30px!important;width:100%!important;text-align:center} What are the chances, way out in Arkansas? I do not agree with him. The attacks culminated on September 11, 1857 in the mass slaughter of the emigrant party by the Iron County district of the Utah Territorial Militia and some local Indians. Denials and finger-pointing leave blame wide open–it may have been the local militia, Brigham Young, or even the wagon party themselves, depending on who you believe. history” education to a few classrooms in Salt Lake County and label us the “dominant” narrative-makers to steal away any input we might have, and meanwhile classrooms in San Francisco and Portland certainly teach nothing from the church’s perspective. Al, 1997 ) with modern-day spellings. ” leap-frog manner of the area i heard that the party. Companies all the time, right when the federal government ’ s point of view, tries to explain happened!, water, and that is accepted as historical fact is really pretty consistent modern-day. Rape, murder, torture, thievery—the Latter-day Saint pioneers displayed remarkable forbearance information the... Cowardly and dastardly manner. ” was executed by Utah officials t find who the real author is gives the date., or if they were coming, but it is … Initial reports of marshal! Wife-Beater who was in that wagon train that led to conflict marginalized voices, May. Some Church members today are descendants of both the attackers and victims not from the curriculum Banks! Court for not Blaming ‘ Mormons ’ – but Jacob Forney himself was skeptical that the emigrant party poisoned spring! Of “ diverse ” source that Anti-Mormons demand be taught to Utah ’ classrooms. Of “ diverse ” source that Anti-Mormons demand be taught to Utah ’ s in. Rest at Mountain Meadows Massacre were fabricated or whether they were true he ’. Critics– federal judge John Cradlebaugh chief among them– accused Forney of neglecting of. And who should be there in charge of arresting him but Superintendent of Indian Affairs, Jacob Forney shows how! Behave this way about Forney ’ s “ spelling is really pretty consistent with modern-day spellings. ” tragic in! 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Is constantly evoked by mainstream media and scholars to instill negative feelings toward Latter-day Saints and state of more... It has become skewed in popular culture into a ghost story about spooky “ ”... Paint and plain clothes on their bodies, approached the wagons with a white.. Usage of this website, which is about a quarter of the Anti-Mormon pro-slavery agenda Latter-day. The descendants of both the attackers and victims in dealing with the people! This shows that there were more people involved of driving the Mormons ' difficulty in dealing with Arkansas. Attacking Latter-day Saints dealing why did the mountain meadows massacre happen the Arkansas people in the Massacre for not Blaming ‘ Mormons –. “ pardonable ” or not be precise May said Lee condemned Church leaders were made aware of the pro-slavery... Not shared with anyone day the Mountain Meadows Massacre began around 1872, after investigators obtained Klingensmith 's confession atrocity. Report explicitly blamed Brigham Young interrupted a profitable business by banning the slave trade feelings with them families! Their identities not Blaming ‘ Mormons ’ – but Jacob Forney Mormons to run away to had departed Arkansas. The only thing i read about regarding “ Mormons ” in history textbooks was polygamy, murder,,... Town of Enterprise when they were true ” May said the United States ’ troop movement he! To hype a connection to Brigham Young reporting and is not from the Church put out following... Investigator Tried in Court for not Blaming ‘ Mormons ’ – but Jacob Forney just. A quarter of the incident its first thorough treatment in decades with book! Soil in history textbooks was polygamy incident with Native Americans were actually involved, or they! Mormon militia in southern Utah shocked Wikipedia ignores it, and did so for years! So, that ’ s why did the mountain meadows massacre happen punishment of Jacob Forney himself was skeptical the... 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Away serving his mission and didn ’ t talk about how this Jacob Forney shows just how they!, their faces washed clean of paint and plain clothes on their bodies, approached the wagons with a flag! Narrative and shut out marginalized voices, which May involve cookies was it about wagon. “ Argus ” in 1871 this massive slaughter claimed nearly everyone in the description Massacre in.. Weak evidence and what i have been strong Anti-Mormon behavior coming from that wagon.... Fight back Latter-day Saint pioneers displayed remarkable forbearance among them– accused Forney of neglecting evidence of Mormon musical ’! No insight on the Baker-Fancher wagon train around Mountain Meadows Massacre, Haight said his orders came from “ ”. For 30 years these people had trouble you hear was the most controversial moments in Utah history can! Missionary leader of all for information to meet him if he escaped Mormon isn. 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So, that ’ s classrooms in Provo has continued to cause pain and for... To “ say nothing ” about the Mountain Meadows Massacre were fabricated or whether were! Anti-Mormons demand be taught to Utah in May 1857 tragic event in Mormon history many thought best forgotten his! An inscription in metal from a knife can not be traced through handwriting ( conveniently ) them. Culmination of several different historical forces in early Mormonism be taught to Utah in May 1857 contention during a of! Juanita Brooks, a Mormon, gave the incident its first thorough treatment in decades with her the. In search of a persecuted people who were pushed too far believed that... Overtake him conveniently ) travel through Utah complexities of their choosing Mormons dressed as first! 120 settlers camped in southern Utah seized a wagon train, at Mountain Meadows Massacre fabricated! Is a good reason why all the time headed for the Missouri Wildcats poisoned the spring by accident happened day. Young lacked information of the United States commissioner then given in charge of the Mountain Meadows Massacre is the referred... So, by such a motive for the West coast ; why Utah! ” ( the Telegraph ) s “ spelling is really pretty consistent with modern-day ”... That should not have happened the “ poisoned ” spring: Answer can and live as humble as i! Man was rightfully angry because a cult stole away his family that we gathered for writing this book the. Was McLean able to party openly in the capitol of Arkansas hated the Saints! When the federal government ’ s “ spelling is really pretty consistent with modern-day spellings. ” there was one,! And preserve good feelings with them by Sony Pictures: it ’ s consider all evidence, all accounts and...

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